Ishavasya Upanishad Webinar
Reflection Questions Day 3
Poll:
  1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas?
  2. What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness?

1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas? 2. What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness?

If we totally ignore the path of self realisation we will fail to understand our true nature which will amount to killing of ourself.Thus we will live in the darkness of the asuraloka forever emerged in the darkness of ignorance.


If we totally ignore the path of self realisation we will fail to understand our true nature which will amount to killing of ourself.Thus we will live in the darkness of the asuraloka forever emerged in the darkness of ignorance.

1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas?


Answer:Karma yoga is the bridge between pravrtti and nivrtti marga because people who do not have inclination towards atma vidya, they have taken up karma (kurvan iha eva).


Here eva denotes doing the work with only duty as the bhava and not expecting the fruits of it. When done with that bhava and giving the results to the God (with Ishvara arpana buddhi) and accepting the results as the prasada from God, then samatvam is acheived.


Once the equanimity of the mind is achieved, then the person is fit for the nivrtti marga. This way karma yoga is bridging the person engaged in karma yoga with the higher altar arpanam so the mind will not have raga and devsha and in turn acheives chittha shuddhi and the qualities for the higher pursuit.


2. What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result?


ANSWER:Killing the Self means, one who is neglecting the Self and not paying attention the actual true nature of the Self. (ye ke cha atmahano janah). Because of the fault of ignorance, the person is not able to identify with the true Self, which is ever there (like unborn, etc).
The result of that is he is born in the worlds of darkness (which even includes swarga loka). They will go as per their karma (samskaras) and as per their shrutam (punya-papa count).


Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness?


ANSWER:Since anatmani atma buddhi and jagati satya buddhi is still believed to be true there. That is why all, right from the unicellular organism to Lord Brahma are all covered with darkness. All are brimful with desires (boga life is only felt as important) and so enveloped with the darkness of ignorance.


1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas? --------------------------------------------------------------------------- **Answer:**Karma yoga is the bridge between pravrtti and nivrtti marga because people who do not have inclination towards atma vidya, they have taken up karma (kurvan iha eva). Here eva denotes doing the work with only duty as the bhava and not expecting the fruits of it. When done with that bhava and giving the results to the God (with Ishvara arpana buddhi) and accepting the results as the prasada from God, then samatvam is acheived. Once the equanimity of the mind is achieved, then the person is fit for the nivrtti marga. This way karma yoga is bridging the person engaged in karma yoga with the higher altar arpanam so the mind will not have raga and devsha and in turn acheives chittha shuddhi and the qualities for the higher pursuit. 2. What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? --------------------------------------------------------- **ANSWER:**Killing the Self means, one who is neglecting the Self and not paying attention the actual true nature of the Self. (ye ke cha atmahano janah). Because of the fault of ignorance, the person is not able to identify with the true Self, which is ever there (like unborn, etc). The result of that is he is born in the worlds of darkness (which even includes swarga loka). They will go as per their karma (samskaras) and as per their shrutam (punya-papa count). Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness? --------------------------------------------------- **ANSWER:**Since anatmani atma buddhi and jagati satya buddhi is still believed to be true there. That is why all, right from the unicellular organism to Lord Brahma are all covered with darkness. All are brimful with desires (boga life is only felt as important) and so enveloped with the darkness of ignorance.

For those who don't have inclination towards Aatma Vidya & those who have inclination towards it but don't have capacity action is the only option.
Doing actions with desires (sakama karma) increases our Raga Dvesha.
Whereas Karma yoga gives a sense of duty and we develop the Ishwara Arpanam buddhi : dedicating action to God & Samatva: being balanced, accepting the result success or failure as God's wish.
It reduces Raga Dvesha.
With purified & focused mind one is eligible for Aatma Vidya Nivritti Marga.


For those who don't have inclination towards Aatma Vidya & those who have inclination towards it but don't have capacity action is the only option. Doing actions with desires (sakama karma) increases our Raga Dvesha. Whereas Karma yoga gives a sense of duty and we develop the Ishwara Arpanam buddhi : dedicating action to God & Samatva: being balanced, accepting the result success or failure as God's wish. It reduces Raga Dvesha. With purified & focused mind one is eligible for Aatma Vidya Nivritti Marga.

Ignoring our real nature of Self & identifying ourselves with changing body ,mind is killing our Self.
Due to this we do actions & get result of actions
In order to experience those results we keep on getting different births( according to our karma)
Asura loka
Agyani in all births & worlds are said to be in Asura loka.
They have jagat Satya,anatma buddhi & are focused on enjoyment.
They don't realise Self & keep on getting births.
So they are in blinding darkness


Ignoring our real nature of Self & identifying ourselves with changing body ,mind is killing our Self. Due to this we do actions & get result of actions In order to experience those results we keep on getting different births( according to our karma) Asura loka Agyani in all births & worlds are said to be in Asura loka. They have jagat Satya,anatma buddhi & are focused on enjoyment. They don't realise Self & keep on getting births. So they are in blinding darkness

Answer to Reflection no.3. question no.1.
Karma Yoga is for people who have no inclination towards attaining Atma-Vidya. Such people will have desires and should do Karma. Niyata Karma, daily duties, regularly without fail. It is also better for them to dedicate their karmas to GOD, an offering at a higher altar, so that their focus is away from the FRUITS OF ACTION. This slowly,given time, becomes NISHKAAMA KARMA, selfless actions. The results of the action should be accepted gratefully as Prasadam from GOD.This brings equanimity of mind. Purification of the mind is achieved. We will be able to bear the results with SAMATVAM. So KARMA YOGA is the bridge between Pravrtti and Nivrtti Marga.
Question 2. Killing the SELF. The purpose of our life is SELF-REALISATION. If we IGNORE this and live like an animal,(without scrubbing off the SLIME of IGNORANCE), by limiting ourselves to this body, mind and intellect(all upaadhis) then we will NOT realise the SELF which is ALL PERVADING. Then we are said by Sankaracharya to have KILLED THE SELF !!(Committed atma-hatya) This is a CRIME, because the body is NOT ours !! it is GOD-GIVEN, to improve ourselves. Killing the SELF will RESULT in us getting EMBODIED again in asura-loka. This is called WALLOWING IN BLINDING DARKNESS. ALL EMBODIED creations are ASURAS in asura-loka,says the upanisad.The body is needed to IMPROVE ourselves and realise ishavasya idam sarvam.


Answer to Reflection no.3. question no.1. Karma Yoga is for people who have no inclination towards attaining Atma-Vidya. Such people will have desires and should do Karma. Niyata Karma, daily duties, regularly without fail. It is also better for them to dedicate their karmas to GOD, an offering at a higher altar, so that their focus is away from the FRUITS OF ACTION. This slowly,given time, becomes NISHKAAMA KARMA, selfless actions. The results of the action should be accepted gratefully as Prasadam from GOD.This brings equanimity of mind. Purification of the mind is achieved. We will be able to bear the results with SAMATVAM. So KARMA YOGA is the bridge between Pravrtti and Nivrtti Marga. Question 2. Killing the SELF. The purpose of our life is SELF-REALISATION. If we IGNORE this and live like an animal,(without scrubbing off the SLIME of IGNORANCE), by limiting ourselves to this body, mind and intellect(all upaadhis) then we will NOT realise the SELF which is ALL PERVADING. Then we are said by Sankaracharya to have KILLED THE SELF !!(Committed atma-hatya) This is a CRIME, because the body is NOT ours !! it is GOD-GIVEN, to improve ourselves. Killing the SELF will RESULT in us getting EMBODIED again in asura-loka. This is called WALLOWING IN BLINDING DARKNESS. ALL EMBODIED creations are ASURAS in asura-loka,says the upanisad.The body is needed to IMPROVE ourselves and realise ishavasya idam sarvam.

Nivritti Marga also called the Gnana Marga requires Chitta Shuddhi and Chitta ekagrata as prerequisites to be embarked upon. However to a Karma oriented person it is difficult to get out of the Karma - Karmaphala Bhogta - Karma ... cycle and with each cycle of karma especially Sakama Karma the jeeva gets deeper and deeper into the ignorance and further away from his true Inner SELF. this is where Karma Yoga comes in. Karma Yoga pertains to doing one's duties and dedicating it to te Lord and accepting whatever the result is as Ishwara's prasada. i.e Ishwara arpana buddhi and Prasada Buddhi. ishwara arpana buddhi is important because even whilst one is doing only one's duties the desire 'to be known as performer of one's duties' cannot be entirely done away with. So when one takes the support of Ishwara by dedicating Duties (Niskama Karma) to Ishwara then this final kama of 'need for recognition' is also overcome. When results are accepted as Lord's prasad then this leads to Equanimity of the mind as one's mind does not go through ups and downs when the results (which may be favourable or unfavourable) come. Performance of duties in this manner therefore leads to Chitta Shuddhi and Chitta Ekagrata and one therefore becomes ready for Gnana Marga. In this way Karma Yoga serves as the Bridge between Karma Marga and Gnana Marga.


Nivritti Marga also called the Gnana Marga requires Chitta Shuddhi and Chitta ekagrata as prerequisites to be embarked upon. However to a Karma oriented person it is difficult to get out of the Karma - Karmaphala Bhogta - Karma ... cycle and with each cycle of karma especially Sakama Karma the jeeva gets deeper and deeper into the ignorance and further away from his true Inner SELF. this is where Karma Yoga comes in. Karma Yoga pertains to doing one's duties and dedicating it to te Lord and accepting whatever the result is as Ishwara's prasada. i.e Ishwara arpana buddhi and Prasada Buddhi. ishwara arpana buddhi is important because even whilst one is doing only one's duties the desire 'to be known as performer of one's duties' cannot be entirely done away with. So when one takes the support of Ishwara by dedicating Duties (Niskama Karma) to Ishwara then this final kama of 'need for recognition' is also overcome. When results are accepted as Lord's prasad then this leads to Equanimity of the mind as one's mind does not go through ups and downs when the results (which may be favourable or unfavourable) come. Performance of duties in this manner therefore leads to Chitta Shuddhi and Chitta Ekagrata and one therefore becomes ready for Gnana Marga. In this way Karma Yoga serves as the Bridge between Karma Marga and Gnana Marga.

Killing the Self happens in this manner:


  1. The Self is ever present in each Jeeva atma as the innermost core
  2. If the SELF is uncovered then the same realised Jeeva atma beomes UNBORN and UNENDING
  3. When we do not realise the SELF due to ignorance the Jeeva becomes mortal i.e it has a birth and a death.
  4. Therefore by not realising the SELF everpresent in us we have migrated from an 'Unborn, everliving' state to a 'born and death cycle' state i.e we have KILLED OURSELVES! This is meant as Killing ourselves and the result is that we continue to be in Samsara!Asura Loka is said to be in blinding darkness - The darkness referred to here is the Ignorance causing the non Realisation of the SELF. All such Ignorance covered jeevas residing in different lokas (including Swarga Loka) have Kama in them and only the variety and intensity of the Kama probably differs in these various Lokas. Because of these Kamas these Jeevas are perpetually in Karta- Bhogta cycle and the Ignorance i.e Blinding Darkness is continually present. These Lokas are termed as Asura Loka because of their preoccupation with Karta- Bhogta perpetuation cycle.

Killing the Self happens in this manner: 1. The Self is ever present in each Jeeva atma as the innermost core 2. If the SELF is uncovered then the same realised Jeeva atma beomes UNBORN and UNENDING 3. When we do not realise the SELF due to ignorance the Jeeva becomes mortal i.e it has a birth and a death. 4. Therefore by not realising the SELF everpresent in us we have migrated from an 'Unborn, everliving' state to a 'born and death cycle' state i.e we have KILLED OURSELVES! This is meant as Killing ourselves and the result is that we continue to be in Samsara! Asura Loka is said to be in blinding darkness - The darkness referred to here is the Ignorance causing the non Realisation of the SELF. All such Ignorance covered jeevas residing in different lokas (including Swarga Loka) have Kama in them and only the variety and intensity of the Kama probably differs in these various Lokas. Because of these Kamas these Jeevas are perpetually in Karta- Bhogta cycle and the Ignorance i.e Blinding Darkness is continually present. These Lokas are termed as Asura Loka because of their preoccupation with Karta- Bhogta perpetuation cycle.

1.How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas?


pravrtti-marga is a path of action where you perform sakam-karma whereas in nivrtti-marga which is the highest is a path of renunciation akama where you give up all desires and karma-yoga is the bridge between these two margas because by performing niskama-karma with isvararpan-buddhi and accepting their results with prasada-buddhi it ultimately leads you to the nivrtti-marga.


2.What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness?


Killing the Self means ignorance of the Self as being Sat-Cit-Ananda svaroopa and as a result we go to asura-loka which are filled with darkness. Asura-loka are said to be in blinding darkness because everyone in there are covered by darkness of ignorance as anatmaniatma-buddhi and jagati satya -buddhi.


1.How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas? pravrtti-marga is a path of action where you perform sakam-karma whereas in nivrtti-marga which is the highest is a path of renunciation akama where you give up all desires and karma-yoga is the bridge between these two margas because by performing niskama-karma with isvararpan-buddhi and accepting their results with prasada-buddhi it ultimately leads you to the nivrtti-marga. 2.What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness? Killing the Self means ignorance of the Self as being Sat-Cit-Ananda svaroopa and as a result we go to asura-loka which are filled with darkness. Asura-loka are said to be in blinding darkness because everyone in there are covered by darkness of ignorance as anatmaniatma-buddhi and jagati satya -buddhi.

Karma yoga done without self realization is not the marga, hence realize the equanimity of atma and gyana then the bridge appears between pravriti and ni riti marga. Give up the desires and submit entirely to God.


Killing the self means living in darkness of asura lota without realizing self. Each and every living organism made by brahma is gripped in darkness of ignorance and desires and lust.To achieve chitta suddhi delving into self for the surrender onto God's feet.


Karma yoga done without self realization is not the marga, hence realize the equanimity of atma and gyana then the bridge appears between pravriti and ni riti marga. Give up the desires and submit entirely to God. Killing the self means living in darkness of asura lota without realizing self. Each and every living organism made by brahma is gripped in darkness of ignorance and desires and lust.To achieve chitta suddhi delving into self for the surrender onto God's feet.
  1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas?Pravṛtti-mārga refers to sense enjoyment, and nivṛtti-mārga refers to spiritual advancement. In the life of animals and demons, there is no conception of nivṛtti-mārga or pravṛtti-mārga.Karma yoga is the yoga of action or work; specifically, karma yoga is the path of dedicated work and renouncing the results of our actions as a spiritual offering. This path is useful for people who do not have the tendencies to follow other paths and serves as a bridge to attain jnana marga.

2.What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness?
There are the worlds of the Asuras (gods) covered with blind darkness. Those who have destroyed their self (who perform works, without having arrived at a knowledge of the true Self), go after death to those worlds.
This perhaps is in contrast to certain exceptions where enlightened yogis renounce their bodies when they find it is no longer useful . I think Jabala Upanishad gives further insight, according to some philosophers.


1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas? Pravṛtti-mārga refers to sense enjoyment, and nivṛtti-mārga refers to spiritual advancement. In the life of animals and demons, there is no conception of nivṛtti-mārga or pravṛtti-mārga. Karma yoga is the yoga of action or work; specifically, karma yoga is the path of dedicated work and renouncing the results of our actions as a spiritual offering. This path is useful for people who do not have the tendencies to follow other paths and serves as a bridge to attain jnana marga. 2.What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness? There are the worlds of the Asuras (gods) covered with blind darkness. Those who have destroyed their self (who perform works, without having arrived at a knowledge of the true Self), go after death to those worlds. This perhaps is in contrast to certain exceptions where enlightened yogis renounce their bodies when they find it is no longer useful . I think Jabala Upanishad gives further insight, according to some philosophers.

When a person is acting to gain something in life it is Kamya karma that is desire prompted activities. When he is acting thus with in the boundaries of Dharma, not doing prohibited activities , he gains a little purity of mind. Then he does actions only as a duty not insisting for a particular result. He does actions with Eshwararpita buddhi and then when the result comes he accepts with equanimity. These actions purify him further and slowly he gets interested in knowing about the supreme Self. Then slowly he becomes a nivrutti marg person. His activities are reduced & he spends time in knowing the truth.


When a person is acting to gain something in life it is Kamya karma that is desire prompted activities. When he is acting thus with in the boundaries of Dharma, not doing prohibited activities , he gains a little purity of mind. Then he does actions only as a duty not insisting for a particular result. He does actions with Eshwararpita buddhi and then when the result comes he accepts with equanimity. These actions purify him further and slowly he gets interested in knowing about the supreme Self. Then slowly he becomes a nivrutti marg person. His activities are reduced & he spends time in knowing the truth.

A person who is extrovert & gives too much importance to things& beings ignores the Self completely. When you ignore someone it is equivalent to killing. When you ignore the Self it is killing the self. Those people go to the lokha which is fully covered by darkness. All the lokhas are covered by darkness because even the devatas enjoy the sensuous pleasures & they are also ignorant about the Self. When we ignore the Self after we drop the body we will go to lokha covered with darkness .


A person who is extrovert & gives too much importance to things& beings ignores the Self completely. When you ignore someone it is equivalent to killing. When you ignore the Self it is killing the self. Those people go to the lokha which is fully covered by darkness. All the lokhas are covered by darkness because even the devatas enjoy the sensuous pleasures & they are also ignorant about the Self. When we ignore the Self after we drop the body we will go to lokha covered with darkness .
  1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas? Ans: How: Karma-yoga is doing action with Ishwara buddhi and accepting results with prasada buddhi. If we continue to perform the action with these bhava then it will pave way to nivrtti-marga from pravrtti marga. Why: It is the sadana that prepares one to elevate oneself to the next higher level
  2. What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? And: If we miss the chance to evolve then it is killing the Self. The result is those will end up in Asuric loka. Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness? Ans: Asura-loka has no opportunity to evolve

1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas? Ans: How: Karma-yoga is doing action with Ishwara buddhi and accepting results with prasada buddhi. If we continue to perform the action with these bhava then it will pave way to nivrtti-marga from pravrtti marga. Why: It is the sadana that prepares one to elevate oneself to the next higher level 2. What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? And: If we miss the chance to evolve then it is killing the Self. The result is those will end up in Asuric loka. Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness? Ans: Asura-loka has no opportunity to evolve

Hari Om,


  1. Śastras tell for those who are steeped in dehābhimāni bhāva karma yoga is the only way. Karma yoga will bring about the purification of mind through Iśvarā arpanam buddhi and prasāda buddhi. In such a purified mind vicāra is awakened and one progresses to īśāvāsyam idaṁ sarvam. In this way karma yoga is the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas.

  2. Due to our ignorance the Self is veiled to us, and we continue to ignore the Self. This ignoring of the Self means killing the Self. Ignorance of our true nature is darkness. We make the wrong choice of reveling in ephemeral world of objects of having jagat satya buddhi and anātma ātma buddhi because of this our lokas are asura-lokas. Because of ignorance of the Self they are in blinding darkness.


Hari Om, 1. Śastras tell for those who are steeped in dehābhimāni bhāva karma yoga is the only way. Karma yoga will bring about the purification of mind through Iśvarā arpanam buddhi and prasāda buddhi. In such a purified mind vicāra is awakened and one progresses to īśāvāsyam idaṁ sarvam. In this way karma yoga is the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas. 2. Due to our ignorance the Self is veiled to us, and we continue to ignore the Self. This ignoring of the Self means killing the Self. Ignorance of our true nature is darkness. We make the wrong choice of reveling in ephemeral world of objects of having jagat satya buddhi and anātma ātma buddhi because of this our lokas are asura-lokas. Because of ignorance of the Self they are in blinding darkness.

Q1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas?


Pravṛtti-marga is being extroverted and immersed in the outside world. Such a person has strong desires and he engages in action to fulfill his desires. He believes that the result of action is going to give him happiness. He is ever engaged in niyata and kamya karmas, there is no role of spirituality in his life.
As he matures intellectually, he realises that action does not always succeed and bring happiness. Gradually kamya karma is given up and slowly he starts doing his duties without any expectation of results.
In time this leads to doing his duties in an attitude of karma-yoga, which entails dedicating all action to the Lord and taking results of action, whether success or failure, as prasada. This attitude leads to reduction of raga-dvesha resulting in purification of mind.
A purified mind makes him a jignasu and in time a mumukshu and he turns introverted into nivṛtti-marga. Thus, karma-yoga can be said to be a bridge between the two margas.


Q2. What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness?


‘Killing the Self’ is just a manner of speaking, since Self is changeless and infinite. Upanisad uses the expression for people who do not recognise the Self which illuminates our body-mind complex and is the real ‘I’. They have strong identification with BMI and this veils the presence of the Self. While in the human embodiment, they are involved with the external world and are only engaged in pampering the ‘karya-karan-sanghata’. As a result, when prarabdha karma is exhausted and jiva gives up the body, it go to any of the lokas-some higher and some lower lokas- but all being called asura-lokahere. The jiva again takes the embodiment in any of the yoni, based on karma which has fructified. And thus samsara continues for the jiva.
Asura loka is said to be in blinding darkness, since apart from human embodiment, all embodiments are only for bhoga - experiences and not for karma - action. There is no possibility in any of these embodiments to progress spiritually and gain liberation. They will have to necessarily be in the ‘sorry-go-round’ of birth and death.


Q1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas? Pravṛtti-marga is being extroverted and immersed in the outside world. Such a person has strong desires and he engages in action to fulfill his desires. He believes that the result of action is going to give him happiness. He is ever engaged in niyata and kamya karmas, there is no role of spirituality in his life. As he matures intellectually, he realises that action does not always succeed and bring happiness. Gradually kamya karma is given up and slowly he starts doing his duties without any expectation of results. In time this leads to doing his duties in an attitude of karma-yoga, which entails dedicating all action to the Lord and taking results of action, whether success or failure, as prasada. This attitude leads to reduction of raga-dvesha resulting in purification of mind. A purified mind makes him a jignasu and in time a mumukshu and he turns introverted into nivṛtti-marga. Thus, karma-yoga can be said to be a bridge between the two margas. Q2. What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness? ‘Killing the Self’ is just a manner of speaking, since Self is changeless and infinite. Upanisad uses the expression for people who do not recognise the Self which illuminates our body-mind complex and is the real ‘I’. They have strong identification with BMI and this veils the presence of the Self. While in the human embodiment, they are involved with the external world and are only engaged in pampering the ‘karya-karan-sanghata’. As a result, when prarabdha karma is exhausted and jiva gives up the body, it go to any of the lokas-some higher and some lower lokas- but all being called asura-lokahere. The jiva again takes the embodiment in any of the yoni, based on karma which has fructified. And thus samsara continues for the jiva. Asura loka is said to be in blinding darkness, since apart from human embodiment, all embodiments are only for bhoga - experiences and not for karma - action. There is no possibility in any of these embodiments to progress spiritually and gain liberation. They will have to necessarily be in the ‘sorry-go-round’ of birth and death.
  1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas?

Pravrtti Marg - This path includes nitya karma and Naimmitika karma (Duties).

Nivritti Marg - Path which is taken by one who has realized his/her true nature of Isha Vasya Idam Sarvam - I am the consciousness and I pervade the entire totality. There is no desire to acquire anything because one has realized that I alone am everything and in everything. This is the Jnani's state - Akaama state - he has realized that he is not the karta or the bhokta. State of Knowledge.

Karma-yoga is the bridge between the pravritti marg and nivritti marg because, as one keeps performing the duties without focusing on the results, mind gets purified. Then, when one performs the duties with Iswara Arpana buddhi and prasada budhi, mind gets further purified(Karma-yoga). In this way, one proceeds from sakaama, to nishkama karma to akaama (Nivritti marg).

  1. What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness?Killing the Self means ignoring the Self and taking an embodiment. All embodiments are rooted in ignorance and thus go to Asura loka. Only Realization of the Self takes you out. Asuras are those people who revel in sense pleasures. Asura loka is said to be in blinding darkness because there is no way out of the suffering due to the mistaking of the Not-self to be the Self and the Self to be the not-Self.

1. How and why is karma-yoga the bridge between pravṛtti and nivṛtti-margas? Pravrtti Marg - This path includes nitya karma and Naimmitika karma (Duties). Nivritti Marg - Path which is taken by one who has realized his/her true nature of Isha Vasya Idam Sarvam - I am the consciousness and I pervade the entire totality. There is no desire to acquire anything because one has realized that I alone am everything and in everything. This is the Jnani's state - Akaama state - he has realized that he is not the karta or the bhokta. State of Knowledge. Karma-yoga is the bridge between the pravritti marg and nivritti marg because, as one keeps performing the duties without focusing on the results, mind gets purified. Then, when one performs the duties with Iswara Arpana buddhi and prasada budhi, mind gets further purified(Karma-yoga). In this way, one proceeds from sakaama, to nishkama karma to akaama (Nivritti marg). 2. What is meant by killing the Self and what is its result? Why are asura-loka said to be in blinding darkness? Killing the Self means ignoring the Self and taking an embodiment. All embodiments are rooted in ignorance and thus go to Asura loka. Only Realization of the Self takes you out. Asuras are those people who revel in sense pleasures. Asura loka is said to be in blinding darkness because there is no way out of the suffering due to the mistaking of the Not-self to be the Self and the Self to be the not-Self.
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