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Panchadashi – Dvaita-viveka-prakarana

Panchadashi,the renowned composition of Sri Bharati Tirtha and Swami Vidyaranya, is a compendium of 15 foundational treatises or prakarana-granthas. This epic work is a singular treatise on the entire philosophy of Advaita-vedanta. By providing the complete grasp of the essentials of Vedanta, Panchadashi elucidates the Upanishadic thoughts and by revealing the identity of the Self with the supreme Brahman thereby dispelling the ignorance of the Self.

Beginner Course Medium: English

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More about the Course

Panchadashi,the renowned composition of Sri Bharati Tirtha and Swami Vidyaranya, is a compendium of 15 foundational treatises or prakarana-granthas. This epic work is a singular treatise on the entire philosophy of Advaita-vedanta. By providing the complete grasp of the essentials of Vedanta, Panchadashi elucidates the Upanishadic thoughts and by revealing the identity of the Self with the supreme Brahman thereby dispelling the ignorance of the Self.

In the fourth chapter, titled ‘Dvaita-viveka’, the author expounds the world of duality created by both Ishvara and jiva. This analysis or viveka enables the student to comprehend the scope of the realms pertaining to the Ishvara- and jiva-srishti. Also clarity arises as to where from bondage arises, which then provides the means for its destruction.

Swami Vidyaranya begins by explaining the nature of the realm of duality manifested by Ishvara, through citations from several Upanishads on creation. In each citation, a specific aspect of Ishvara’s creation is explained. This section concludes with the apparent entry of Ishvara as the jiva.

Next, the realm of duality pertaining to jiva is explained through the thoughts from the Saptanna -brahmana section of the Brihadaranyaka-upanishad. Answers to questions such as, “What is the nature of jiva’s realm of duality?” and “How does jiva become a creator of the various objects for enjoyment?” are explained in detail.

The text thereafter proceeds to an inquiry into jiva’s cognition of Ishvara's realm of duality and ascertains the nature of bondage. It is methodically shown that the cognition of Ishvara’s duality as it is is never possible, for what one perceives is always an image of the external world. Indeed, there is no bondage caused by Ishvara’s realm of duality, but it is the mind alone that is the cause of bondage. The views of the Yoga and Vijnanavada schools on the nature of bondage and the solutions provided by them to end bondage are also analysed and refuted.

In the final section, the author deals with the subcategories of jiva-srishti, explaining how and at what point of spiritual evolution they are to be overcome. The sadhanas that are to be undertaken for putting an end to the negative aspects of jiva-srishti are also enumerated for one to effortlessly abide in the supreme Brahman.

A total of 28 video sessions by Swami Advayananda , divided into 8 lessons, covering the entire fourth chapter, are made available to the registered students.

What You will Learn

  • The nature of the realms of duality created by Ishvara and jiva and the differences between these
  • A peep into the various Upanishadic thoughts on creation
  • How Ishvara is present as the very jiva in all beings
  • How jiva too is a creator through his karma and upasana
  • Analysis of cognition pertaining to Ishvara-srishti and jiva-srishti
  • Determining that the mind is the direct cause of bondage
  • How Ishvara-srishti assists the jiva in overcoming bondage
  • The various types of jiva-srishti and the means to overcome them
  • Abidance in the supreme Brahman
  • The need and importance of reaching Jivanmukti after gaining tattva-jnana or knowledge of the Reality and not being complacent

Why should I do this Course?

Each chapter of Panchadashi is an independent topical text. One need not complete the earlier chapter to proceed to the next. Each chapter adapts a different methodology to reveal the same Truth.

The fourth chapter, titled ‘Dvaita-viveka’, uses the methodology of analysis of Ishvara’s and jiva’s realms of duality and guides the seeker on the means available to put an end to bondage.

The text points out that Ishvara’s creation is rather an assistance to Liberation and never a source of bondage, unlike the common but erroneous notion that Ishvara is the cause of the jiva’s bondage. Indeed, all problems and their solutions lie within jiva-srishti and thus within the grasp of Ishvara. When all these are rightly understood by a thorough analysis of this chapter, one employs jiva-srishti and aided by Ishvara-srishti (Guru and Shastras) arrives, for sure, at the very portals of Liberation!

How do I purchase the Text?

Students are recommended to purchase a copy of the entire Panchadashi, containing the verses and translation in English by Swami Swahananda, published by the Ramakrishna Mission.

Central Chinmaya Mission Trust (CCMT) has published the entire Panchadashi with commentary in Hindi by Swami Shankarananda. Those who are familiar with Hindi will immensely benefit from this publication.

To purchase a copy of Panchadashi – Chapter 4 with commentary in Hindi:

  1. Check this link: Panchadashi – Chapter 4 (Hindi)
  2. Or
  3. Contact: Sri M. Jayaraman Nair

    In-charge, Chinmaya Vani, Chinmaya International Foundation (CIF)
    Ph: +91 92077 11138 / WhatsApp: 9207398313/ Email id: cifpublications@chinfo.org

A soft copy of the verses will also be made available to all the registered students on the dashboard to be referred to in case of non-availability of the book.

Requirements

  • Basic knowledge of Vedanta would be helpful, though not mandatory
  • Good internet connection

Course Content

The course on Panchadashi – Chapter 4 (Dvaita-viveka) comprises 8 lessons. A brief description of what is covered in each lesson is given below:

  • Lesson 1: Introduction
  • Lesson 2: Ishvara-srishti in the Upanishads – 1
    (Svetasvatara-, Aitareya- and Taittiriya-upanishads)
  • Lesson 3: Ishvara-srishti in the Upanishads – 2
    (Chandogya-, Mundaka-, Brhadaranyaka-, Nrsimhatapaniya-, and Svetasvatara-upanishads)
  • Lesson 4: Jiva-srishti through the Saptanna-brahmana Section of the Brhadaranyaka-upanishad
  • Lesson 5: Cognition of Ishvara- and Jiva-srishti
  • Lesson 6: Jiva-srishti as the Cause of Bondage and the Role of Ishvara-srishti in Liberation
  • Lesson 7: Types of Jiva-srishti – Shastriya and Ashastriya
  • Lesson 8: Abidance in Brahman by Renouncing Jiva-srishti

Click here for further details

Course Contributors

Arvind Kannan

Brni. Shubhani Chaitanya

Sumedha Kulkarni

Home Study Course Scholarship Initiative

Envisioned to be a platform to impart knowledge, CIF has always made it a point to make the courses accessible to all the sincere seekers. Students, who are keen to pursue a particular course, but have difficulty affording the course fee, can send an email to the Director: homestudycourses@chinfo.org stating the same. They will be given financial assistance to enrol for the course based on the genuineness of request, keenness to study and eligibility.

One can also be a part of this noble venture by contributing to the Home Study Course Scholarship Fund. To know more, send an email to the Director: homestudycourses@chinfo.org

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